Republic of Buryatia - the administrative subject of the Russian Federation, located in the Eastern Siberia. Republic is famous for its magnificent nature and, above all, Lake Baikal. In Buryatia there are several large nature reserves and national parks. Among them, the Barguzin State Biosphere Reserve, Baikal State Biosphere Nature Reserve, State Nature Reserve "Dzherginsky", "Trans-Baikal" National Park, "Tunka" National Park.
Buryatia is very interesting for its history and culture. Its territory has united two traditions - Oriental and European, each of which is unique. The republic is home to over 167 nationalities (according to the data of population census 2010): Russian, Buryat, Ukrainians, Tatars, as well as small-numbered indigenous peoples of the North (Evenks, Soyots), etc.
Ulan-Ude - the administrative center of the country, industrial and cultural center of Buryatia. This is one of the oldest large cities of Siberia and the Far East. Ulan-Ude is rightly called the Heart of Russian Asia, or Sunny city on the shores of Lake Baikal.
The city is located in the mountain valley of the Selenga and the Uda Rivers, 130 km to the east of Lake Baikal. Population - more than 400 thousand people. The area of Ylan-Ude is 377 square kilometers. All the transport routes to the East pass through the city: Trans-Siberian railway, federal highways, as well as the international airport "Baikal". Ulan-Ude has 24 sister cities, including Berkeley (USA), Manchuria (China), Yamagata (Japan), Ulan Bator (Mongolia) and others.
Since 1990, Ulan-Ude is included in the list of historical cities of Russia. On its territory are placed 234 objects of cultural heritage (11 objects of federal and 223 of republican value). In Ulan-Ude there are 10 museums, including the Ethnographic Museum of Transbaikalia Peoples, Buryatia History Museum, Buryatia Nature Museum, etc. The city is famous as the theater capital of the Eastern Siberia - there is as much as 6 theaters, where all kinds of performances, from opera and to folk dances, are set.
Not far from the town is Ivolginsky datsan - a Buddhist monastery, which is the center of the Buddhist Traditional Sangha of Russia, as well as the seat of the incorruptible body of Hambo Lama Itigelov.
The symbol of Ulan-Ude is considered to be a sculpted statue of Lenin's head, set in the city center on the area of the Soviets. It is the largest statue of Lenin's head in the world (height - 7.7 m, width - 4.5 m, weight - 42 tons).
In 2016, Ulan-Ude city will celebrate its 350th anniversary since its foundation in 1666.